EvolvingConcepts

Rejecting Allergens: The Avoidance Behavior

Rejecting Allergens: The Avoidance Behavior

The immune system can recognize, assimilate or…

Stress-Induced Th2 Shift & Thyroid Autoimmunity: Unifying Hypothesis

Stress-Induced Th2 Shift & Thyroid Autoimmunity: Unifying Hypothesis

Thyroid autoimmunity may manifest clinically as chronic…

Editorial& Opinions

Thymus Emergence & Evolution of Immune and Neuroendocrine Systems

Thymus Emergence & Evolution of Immune and Neuroendocrine Systems

Galen (129 – 210 or 216 AD) first described an organ located…

HistoryOverviews

Bridging Neurosciences and Immunology – An Overview

Bridging Neurosciences and Immunology – An Overview

The brain and the immune system, or the “supersystems”, a term coined…

Bartolomeo Eustachius and the Discovery of Adrenal Glands

Bartolomeo Eustachius and the Discovery of Adrenal Glands

Bartolomeo Eustachio was born in 1524 in San Severino Marche, a little…

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COMMENTARIES AND FUNDAMENTAL / CLINICAL CATEGORIES - BELOW

IL-17: A Promising Therapeutic Target in Several Chronic Inflammatory Diseases

IL-17: A Promising Therapeutic Target in Several Chronic Inflammatory Diseases

Commentary on the article: How Cytokine networks fuel inflammation: Interleukin-17 and a tale of two autoimmune…

Neural Control of Immunity

ATP as a Neuromediator at the Brain-Immune Interface

ATP as a Neuromediator at the Brain-Immu…

The purinergic signaling system, also known as a ‘purinome’, represents extracellular signaling…

Innervation of the Human Thymus and Spleen – an Overview

Innervation of the …

The immune and nervous systems are…

Hormones and Immunity

Sex Hormones and Immunoregulation

Sex Hormones and Immunoregulation

The sexual dimorphism in immune responses in humans is well known; females…

Nerve Growth Factor and Inflammation: A Complex Bidirectional Interaction

Nerve Growth Factor…

The nervous and immune systems share…

Neuroendocrine Immunology of Autoimmunity

Pregnancy and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Pregnancy and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic, chronic inflammatory disorder, characterized by symmetrical…

Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Function in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Hypothalamic-Pituit…

The neuroendocrine and the immune system…

Neuro-Immune Dysfunction in Human Diseases

Aging Alters Sympathetic Noradrenergic Innervation and Immune Reactivity in the Lymphoid Organs: Strategies to Reverse Neuro-Immune Senescence

Aging Alters Sympathetic Noradrenergic I…

Current therapeutic strategies in medicine emphasize the influence of “mind” over “body”…

Dysfunctional Sympathetic-Immune Interface in Disease States of the Gastrointestinal Tract

Dysfunctional Sympa…

The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is…

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