EvolvingConcepts

Rejecting Allergens: The Avoidance Behavior

Rejecting Allergens: The Avoidance Behavior

The immune system can recognize, assimilate or…

Stress-Induced Th2 Shift & Thyroid Autoimmunity: Unifying Hypothesis

Stress-Induced Th2 Shift & Thyroid Autoimmunity: Unifying Hypothesis

Thyroid autoimmunity may manifest clinically as chronic…

Editorial& Opinions

Thymus Emergence & Evolution of Immune and Neuroendocrine Systems

Thymus Emergence & Evolution of Immune and Neuroendocrine Systems

Galen (129 – 210 or 216 AD) first described an organ located…

HistoryOverviews

Bridging Neurosciences and Immunology – An Overview

Bridging Neurosciences and Immunology – An Overview

The brain and the immune system, or the “supersystems”, a term coined…

Bartolomeo Eustachius and the Discovery of Adrenal Glands

Bartolomeo Eustachius and the Discovery of Adrenal Glands

Bartolomeo Eustachio was born in 1524 in San Severino Marche, a little…

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COMMENTARIES AND FUNDAMENTAL / CLINICAL CATEGORIES - BELOW

First Evidence That Th22 Cells May Contribute To the Pathogenesis of Graves’ Disease

First Evidence That Th22 Cells May Contribute To the Pathogenesis of Graves’ Disease

Commentary on the article: A High Frequency of Circulating Th22 and Th17 Cells in Patients with New…

Neural Control of Immunity

ATP as a Neuromediator at the Brain-Immune Interface

ATP as a Neuromediator at the Brain-Immu…

The purinergic signaling system, also known as a ‘purinome’, represents extracellular signaling…

Innervation of the Human Thymus and Spleen – an Overview

Innervation of the …

The immune and nervous systems are…

Hormones and Immunity

Sex Hormones and Immunoregulation

Sex Hormones and Immunoregulation

The sexual dimorphism in immune responses in humans is well known; females…

Nerve Growth Factor and Inflammation: A Complex Bidirectional Interaction

Nerve Growth Factor…

The nervous and immune systems share…

Neuroendocrine Immunology of Autoimmunity

Pregnancy and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Pregnancy and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic, chronic inflammatory disorder, characterized by symmetrical…

Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Function in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Hypothalamic-Pituit…

The neuroendocrine and the immune system…

Neuro-Immune Dysfunction in Human Diseases

Aging Alters Sympathetic Noradrenergic Innervation and Immune Reactivity in the Lymphoid Organs: Strategies to Reverse Neuro-Immune Senescence

Aging Alters Sympathetic Noradrenergic I…

Current therapeutic strategies in medicine emphasize the influence of “mind” over “body”…

Dysfunctional Sympathetic-Immune Interface in Disease States of the Gastrointestinal Tract

Dysfunctional Sympa…

The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is…

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