The evidence for stress contributing to the onset and course of autoimmune disease is circumstantial and the mechanisms by which stress affects autoimmune disease remain poorly understood.
Stress-Immune Interactions: Implications
Stress, Brain and Hormones and the Development of Organ Specific Autoimmunity – A Complex Interrelationship That Will Be Difficult To Tease Out
- 18 January 2013
- Samer El-Kaissi, Hooshang Lahooti & Jack R Wall
- 13 July 2012
- CC Vere, CT Streba, I Rogoveanu, AG Ionescu & LAM Streba
Psychological stress is defined as a “state in which homeostasis is actually threatened or perceived to be so”, whereas homeostasis represents the complex and dynamic equilibrium between all systems functioning in a living organism [1, 2].
- 10 July 2011
- A Aubert
Adaptation is one of the core characteristics of living organisms, wherever it refers to proximate adjustments at individual level to inner or outer events, or to ultimate evolutionary processes at species-level.
- 23 August 2010
- BG Pérez-Nievas, JR Caso, B García-Bueno, JLM Madrigal & JC Leza
Some stress protocols show a pro-inflammatory response in the brain and other systems characterized by a complex release of several inflammatory mediators such as cytokines, transcription factors, prostanoids and free radicals.
- 25 May 2010
- T Esch, KJ Mantione & GB Stefano
Chronic stress can be an extremely detrimental phenomenon because it maintains an artificial state of excitation, whereas acute stress ends this process in a more timely manner.
- 26 February 2010
- KN Priftis, A Papadimitriou, P Nicolaidou & GP Chrousos
Accumulated evidence from animal models suggests that exogenously applied stress enhances airway reactivity and increases airway inflammation.